电子学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (9): 2071-2076.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0372-2112.2017.09.003

• 学术论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种基于全极化回波的微多普勒增强算法

孙挺1, 程旭2   

  1. 1. 周口师范学院网络工程学院, 河南周口 466000;
    2. 国防科技大学电子科学与工程学院电子信息系统复杂电磁环境效应国家重点实验室, 湖南长沙 410073
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-19 修回日期:2017-01-09 出版日期:2017-09-25 发布日期:2017-09-25
  • 作者简介:孙挺,男,1972年生,汉族,河南沈丘人,博士,现为周口师范学院副教授,主要研究方向为智能信息处理、科学可视化等.E-mail:suntingcan@tom.com;程旭,男,1987年生,汉族,河南固始人,现为国防科技大学电子科学与工程学院博士研究生,主要研究方向为统计信号处理,雷达信号处理等.E-mail:chengxu@nudt.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展规划(973计划)前期研究专项(No.2011CB311802);河南省科技发展计划科技攻关项目(No.122400450356)

A Novel Method of Micro-Doppler Signature Enhancement Based on Full Polarization Echoes

SUN Ting1, CHENG Xu2   

  1. 1. College of Network Engineering, Zhoukou Normal University, Zhoukou, Henan 466000, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Complex Electromagnetic Environment Effects on Electronics and Information System, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410073, China
  • Received:2014-06-19 Revised:2017-01-09 Online:2017-09-25 Published:2017-09-25

摘要: 极化信息的有效利用可提高目标特征提取和识别的精度.针对微动目标的微多普勒提取问题,在介绍传统微多普勒提取算法的基础上,建立了微动目标的全极化回波模型,提出了一种基于全极化信息的微多普勒提取算法.该方法以时频图像的对比度作为目标函数,通过寻找一组最优极化矢量提高时频图像质量.仿真数据实验表明,本文方法比传统时频变换方法得到的时频图像的对比度更高.真实数据实验发现,本文方法得到的图像对比度高达2.56,而传统时频变换方法得到的图像对比度在0.88到1.66之间.实验结果证明了本文方法的有效性和相比传统方法的优势.

关键词: 微多普勒, 全极化, 图像对比度, 最优极化

Abstract: The effective use of polarization information can improve the precision of target feature extraction and recognition.Aiming at the problem of extracting the micro-Doppler frequency of micro-motion targets,after introducing the traditional micro-Doppler extraction method,the full-polarization echo model of micro-motion targets is built,and then a full polarization-based micro-Doppler extraction algorithm is proposed.Such algorithm takes the time-frequency image contrast as the objective function and improves the time-frequency image quality by seeking for the optimal polarization vectors.The simulation results show that the proposed method can obtain a higher image contrast than the traditional time-frequency method.Furthermore,the real data demonstrates that the image contrast obtained by the proposed method is 2.56,compared with 0.88 to 1.66 of the traditional method.All the experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method and its advantages over the traditional method.

Key words: micro-Doppler, full polarization, image contrast, optimal polarization

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