电子学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (2): 362-371.DOI: 10.12263/DZXB.20200819

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瞬态电子技术及其军事应用

魏伟1, 任向红2, 杜思燕2, 周锋2   

  1. 1. 中国人民解放军 68303 部队, 青海格尔木 816099;
    2. 火箭军工程大学306 教研室, 陕西西安 710106
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-03 修回日期:2020-10-12 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 作者简介:魏伟 男,1989年出生,硕士研究生,主要从事可降解材料和印刷电子技术等方面课题研究.E-mail:178779043@qq.com;任向红 女,1970年出生,教授、博士生导师.从事装备研究工作.E-mail:renxh701@163.com

Transient Electronic Technology and Its Military Applications

WEI Wei1, REN Xiang-hong2, DU Si-yan2, ZHOU Feng2   

  1. 1. A Unite of PLA, Golmud, Qinghai 816099, China;
    2. Rocket Force University of Engineering, 306 Teaching and Research Section, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710106, China
  • Received:2020-08-03 Revised:2020-10-12 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-02-25

摘要: 基于可降解材料的瞬态电子器件,在完成指定功能或废弃后,受预定触发因素刺激,可实现短时间内部分退化或全部降解.凭借先进加工工艺和特殊的功能材料,瞬态电子器件在性能方面可与传统电子器件相媲美,并在功能上形成补充,将应用范围扩展到绿色电子、信息安全存储、植入式医疗和环境监测传感器等前沿领域.文章综合分析了瞬态电子的概念、组成、制造技术、降解机理以及重要瞬态器件,从信息安全存储、战场侦察监视、士兵伤情防治、物资精确投送4个方面,阐述了瞬态电子技术在军事方面的应用.总结了瞬态电子技术发展存在的问题,展望了其未来研究的发展趋势.

 

关键词: 瞬态电子, 触发, 可生物降解, 军事应用

Abstract: Fabricated by degradable materials,transient electronics can dissolve in natural environments after completing the default tasks.Transient electronics can compare favorably with the traditional devices through advanced fabrication technology in terms of performance,exhibiting promising applications in fields of environmental protection,medical equipment and information security.This paper comprehensively analyzed its concepts,composition,fabrication technology,degradable process as well as transient devices,and the military application of transient electronic technology was expounded from four aspects:safe storage of combat information,reconnaissance and surveillance of battlefield conditions,monitoring,auxiliary diagnosis and treatment of soldiers’ injuries,accurate delivery of urgently needed supplies.The existing problem in the development of transient electronic technology was pointed out,and its future development trend was prospected.

Key words: transient electronics, trigger, biodegradable, military applications

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