电子学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (3): 542-549.DOI: 10.12263/DZXB.20190150

• 学术论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

直觉模糊信息下基于VIKOR和三支决策的多目标威胁评估方法

高杨, 黄仰超, 程国兵, 段磊   

  1. 空军工程大学信息与导航学院, 陕西西安 710077
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-28 修回日期:2020-11-10 出版日期:2021-03-25 发布日期:2021-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 高杨
  • 作者简介:黄仰超 男,1977年生于重庆荣昌.现为空军工程大学信息与导航学院副教授,硕士生导师.主要研究方向:航空数据链技术、通信对抗技术;程国兵 男,1976年生于江苏如皋.现为空军工程大学信息与导航学院副教授.主要研究方向:航空数据链技术;段磊 男,1985年生于甘肃张掖.现为空军工程大学信息与导航学院助教.主要研究方向:航空数据链,无线通信技术.

Multi-target Threat Assessment Method Based on VIKOR and Three-Way Decisions Under Intuitionistic Fuzzy Information

GAO Yang, HUANG Yang-chao, CHENG Guo-bing, DUAN Lei   

  1. Information and Navigation College, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710077, China
  • Received:2019-01-28 Revised:2020-11-10 Online:2021-03-25 Published:2021-03-25

摘要: 针对传统多目标威胁评估方法通常是二支决策,只能得到目标威胁排序,需要主观地划定威胁等级与选择作战目标数,不适应于复杂动态任务环境的问题,提出直觉模糊信息下基于VIKOR和三支决策的多目标威胁评估方法.首先,对动态直觉模糊威胁评估信息进行集结并求取属性权重;然后,通过VIKOR方法求取目标决策所需的条件概率;最后,通过评估信息构造各属性下目标的损失函数矩阵,集结得到目标的综合损失函数矩阵,计算综合阈值,得到决策规则.算例分析表明,所提方法能够有效地处理动态不确定目标态势信息,将传统方法的二支排序结果转变为三支分类结果;可以依据目标态势信息客观地选取作战目标.

关键词: 威胁评估, 三支决策, 直觉模糊信息, VIKOR, 条件概率, 损失函数

Abstract: The traditional multi-target threat assessment methods are usually two-way decisions,only can obtain the threat ranking of targets,need to subjectively determine the threat level and select the number of combat targets,which is not suitable for the complex dynamic mission environment.This paper proposes a multi-target threat assessment method based on VIKOR and three-way decisions under intuitionistic fuzzy information.Firstly,the dynamic intuitionistic fuzzy threat information is aggregated and attribute weights are obtained.Then,the conditional probability of targets for decision making is obtained by VIKOR method.Finally,the loss function matrices of targets under each attribute are constructed by attribute information,the comprehensive loss function matrix is obtained after aggregation and the comprehensive thresholds and decision rules are obtained.The case studies show that the proposed method can effectively deal with the dynamic uncertain situation information,transform the ranking results of two-way decisions into classification results of three-way decisions,and can objectively select the combat targets via situation information.

Key words: threat assessment, three-way decisions, intuitionistic fuzzy information, VIKOR, conditional probability, loss function

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