电子学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (11): 2787-2796.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0372-2112.2018.11.029

• 综述评论 • 上一篇    下一篇

实时嵌入式双操作系统架构研究综述

张美玉1, 张倩颖1,2, 孟子琪1, 施智平1,3, 关永1,4   

  1. 1. 首都师范大学信息工程学院, 北京 100048;
    2. 成像技术北京市高精尖创新中心, 北京 100048;
    3. 轻型工业机器人与安全验证北京市重点实验室, 北京 100048;
    4. 电子系统可靠性技术北京市重点实验室, 北京 100048
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-14 修回日期:2018-02-08 出版日期:2018-11-25
    • 通讯作者:
    • 张倩颖
    • 作者简介:
    • 张美玉 女,1994年生于山东威海.硕士研究生,研究方向为实时操作系统
    • 基金资助:
    • 国家自然科学基金 (No.61602325,No.61572331,No.61472468,No.61702348); 国家重点研发计划 (No.2017YFC0806700,No.2017YFB1301100); 国家科技支撑计划 (No.2015BAF13B01); 北京市科委 (No.LJ201607)

A Survey of Research on Real-Time Dual-OS Architecture for Embedded Platform

ZHANG Mei-yu1, ZHANG Qian-ying1,2, MENG Zi-qi1, SHI Zhi-ping1,3, GUAN Yong1,4   

  1. 1. College of Information Engineering, Capital Normal University, Beijng 100048, China;
    2. Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Imaging Technology, Beijing 100048, China;
    3. Beijing Key Laboratory of Light Industrial Robot and Safety Verification, Beijing 100048, China;
    4. Beijing Key Laboratory of Electronic System Reliability Technology, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2017-11-14 Revised:2018-02-08 Online:2018-11-25 Published:2018-11-25

摘要: 随着全球工业4.0战略的提出,工业控制及航空航天等领域对嵌入式系统的要求越来越高,对实时性具有严格要求同时还需要应用功能丰富的通用操作系统的支持.针对该需求现状,学术界和产业界提出双操作系统的解决思路,即同时运行实时操作系统和通用操作系统.本文归纳总结国内外嵌入式双操作系统的研究现状,对各种实现技术进行深入探讨和分析,列举嵌入式双操作系统典型应用和主要应用领域,最后对该类技术的研究趋势进行总结.

关键词: 双操作系统, 嵌入式操作系统, 实时性, 虚拟化, 双核

Abstract: With the proposing of Global Industry 4.0,the requirements for the embedded system become higher in industrial control,aerospace and other fields which have strict requirements for real-time and also need the supports of the application-rich general-purpose operating system.In view of this situation,Academia and Industry fields proposed a solution called dual operating system that a real-time operating system and a general-purpose operating system run at the same time.This paper summarizes the current states of dual operating system for embedded platform both at home and abroad,discusses and analyzes various implementation technologies,lists the typical application and main application fields of dual operating system for embedded platform,and finally summarizes the research trend of dual operating system for embedded platform.

Key words: dual operating system, embedded operating system, real-time, virtualization, dual-core

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