电子学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (5): 1018-1029.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0372-2112.2020.05.024

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视频编码率失真优化技术研究综述

郭红伟1,2, 朱策1, 刘宇洋1   

  1. 1. 电子科技大学信息与通信工程学院, 四川成都 611731;
    2. 红河学院工学院, 云南蒙自 661100
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-23 修回日期:2019-11-21 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 朱策
  • 作者简介:郭红伟 男,1980年2月出生,云南金平人.电子科技大学在读博士生、红河学院副教授、CCF高级会员.2002年和2010年在云南大学获理学学士和工学硕士学位.主要研究方向为视频编码与通信.E-mail:ghw202@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(No.U19A2052,No.61571102);四川省科学技术厅重点项目(No.2018JY0035);云南省地方本科高校基础研究联合专项资金(No.2018FH001-056)

Overview of Rate-Distortion Optimization for Video Coding

GUO Hong-wei1,2, ZHU Ce1, LIU Yu-yang1   

  1. 1. School of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731, China;
    2. School of Engineering, Honghe University, Mengzi, Yunnan 661100, China
  • Received:2019-04-23 Revised:2019-11-21 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-05-25

摘要: 率失真优化技术能有效地提升编码器的压缩性能,是视频编码领域重要的研究内容.本文综合论述了基于拉格朗日乘子的率失真优化方法,从独立率失真优化、依赖率失真优化和码率控制中的比特分配等几方面归纳和分析最新研究进展.首先,通过形象的举例解释了约束优化问题通过拉格朗日乘子法转换为非约束优化问题,并根据相关文献分析拉格朗日乘子与量化参数的关系.其次,分析了编码过程中存在的率失真依赖性,并分类讨论近年提出的依赖率失真优化方法.然后,简要介绍了率失真依赖关系在码率控制比特分配中的影响.最后通过分析比较不同率失真优化技术的特征和性能,提出当前面临的挑战和值得进一步探索的工作.

关键词: 视频编码, 率失真优化, 时域依赖, 空域依赖, 自适应拉格朗日乘子

Abstract: Rate-distortion optimization (RDO) can effectively improve the compression performance for encoders,which is an important topic in video coding.In this paper,the Lagrange multiplier based RDO method is reviewed comprehensively from several aspects including independent RDO,dependent RDO,bit allocation for rate control,etc.First,an example is employed to explain how the constrained optimization problem is converted into an unconstrained optimization problem based on the Lagrange multiplier method,and the relationship between Lagrange multiplier and quantization parameter is analyzed according to relevant references.Second,the rate-distortion dependencies in the process of video coding are analyzed,and the dependent RDO methods presented in recent years are classified and discussed.Third,the effect of the rate-distortion dependencies on bit allocation for rate control is discussed.Finally,the features and performance of different RDO methods are tabulated for analysis and comparison,and the existing challenges and the research works deserving further exploration are presented.

Key words: video coding, rate-distortion optimization, temporal dependency, spatial dependency, adaptive Lagrange multiplier

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