电子学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (9): 1804-1813.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0372-2112.2020.09.019

所属专题: 天线设计与仿真

• 学术论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

通信天线信道容量机电耦合建模及阵元位置灵敏度分析

王艳1,2, 王从思2, 雷婷2, 张枫涛2, 许谦3, 李海华4, 王伟锋5, GAO Wei6, 杜彪7, 黎昞8   

  1. 1. 西安建筑科技大学信息与控制工程学院, 陕西西安 710055;
    2. 西安电子科技大学电子装备结构设计教育部重点实验室, 陕西西安 710071;
    3. 中国科学院新疆天文台, 新疆乌鲁木齐 830011;
    4. 杭州海康威视数字技术股份有限公司, 浙江杭州 310052;
    5. 华为西安研究所, 陕西西安 710077;
    6. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia;
    7. 中国电子科技集团公司第五十四研究所, 河北石家庄 050081;
    8. 西北工业大学电子信息学院, 陕西西安 710072
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-27 修回日期:2020-04-20 出版日期:2020-09-25 发布日期:2020-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 王从思, 许谦
  • 作者简介:王艳 女,1989年12月出生于陕西省西安市.现为西安建筑科技大学信息与控制工程学院讲师.2019年毕业于西安电子科技大学,获工学博士学位.主要研究方向为天线机电耦合理论与性能综合调控方法.E-mail:wangyan5169@163.com
    雷婷 女,1994年12月出生于河南省南阳市.现为西安电子科技大学硕士研究生.主要研究方向为天线热分析与结构设计.E-mail:tingzi94@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(No.51975447,No.U1737211);陕西省自然科学基金项目(No.2018JZ5001);陕西高校青年创新团队(No.201926);天山创新团队计划(No.2018D14008);国家973计划(No.2015CB857102)

Electromechanical Coupling Modeling of Channel Capacity and Sensitivity Analysis of Element Position for Communication Antenna

WANG Yan1,2, WANG Cong-si2, LEI Ting2, ZHANG Feng-tao2, XU Qian3, LI Hai-hua4, WANG Wei-feng5, GAO Wei6, DU Biao7, LI Bing8   

  1. 1. School of Information and Control Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710055, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Electronic Equipment Structure Design, Ministry of Education, Xidian University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710071, China;
    3. Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, China Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, China;
    4. Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Co., Ltd., Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310052, China;
    5. Xi'an Institute of Huawei, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710077, China;
    6. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia;
    7. CETC No. 54 Research Institute, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050081, China;
    8. School of Electronics and Information, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710072, China
  • Received:2019-08-27 Revised:2020-04-20 Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-09-25

摘要: 以相控阵天线为代表的下一代通信基站天线正在向着高频段、高增益、高密度、高指向精度方向发展,机械结构因素对通信系统信道质量的影响与制约越来越明显、机电耦合问题越来越突出.为有效保证复杂环境下5G/6G通信容量目标的实现,本文针对通信基站相控阵天线的机电热耦合问题,建立了融合阵元位置偏移、姿态偏转及温度分布等因素的基站天线信道容量机电耦合模型,可据此快速评估射频器件发热环境下通信指标退化情况;构建了阵列天线电场强度与信道容量对阵元随机位置误差的灵敏度模型,分析比较了不同工作条件下各阵元随机位置误差对通信指标的影响规律.

关键词: 信道容量, 机电耦合, 通信基站, 相控阵, 微带天线

Abstract: The next generation communication base station antennas represented by the phased array antennas are developing towards high frequency,high gain,high density and high pointing accuracy.The influence of mechanical structure factors on the channel quality of communication system is becoming more and more obvious,and the electromechanical coupling problem is becoming increasingly prominent.In order to ensure the realization of 5G/6G communication capacity in complex working environment,the electromechanical coupling model of channel capacity was established in terms of the electromechanical-thermal coupling problem of the communication base station phased array antenna.Several factors such as the positional shift,deflection of the antenna element and temperature distributions were considered in this model,which can be used to assess the degradation of communication indicators in the heating environment of RF devices.A sensitivity model of the array antenna's electric field strength and channel capacity to the random position error of the antenna element was constructed,and the effect of random position error of each antenna element on the communication indicators under different working conditions was analyzed.

Key words: channel capacity, electromechanical coupling, communication base station, phased array, microstrip antenna

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