电子学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (7): 1355-1360.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0372-2112.2020.07.014

• 学术论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于d维三粒子纠缠态的量子投票表决方案

宋秀丽1, 曹耘凡2, 杨帅2   

  1. 1. 重庆邮电大学网络空间安全与信息法学院, 重庆 400065;
    2. 重庆邮电大学计算机科学与技术学院, 重庆 400065
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-23 修回日期:2020-01-19 出版日期:2020-07-25 发布日期:2020-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 宋秀丽
  • 作者简介:曹耘凡 男,1991年生.硕士研究生,主要研究方向为量子密码、量子认证.E-mail:258334476@qq.com;杨帅 男,1995生.硕士研究生,主要研究方向为量子安全多方计算、量子安全多方求和.E-mail:865001500@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(No.61772098,No.61772099,No.61802039);重庆市科学技术委员会基础科学与前沿技术项目(No.cstc 2018jcyjAX0510)

Quantum Voting Scheme Based on d Dimensional Three-Particle Entangled State

SONG Xiu-li1, CAO Yun-fan2, YANG Shuai2   

  1. 1. School of Cyber Security and Information Law, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065, China;
    2. School of Computer Science and Technology, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065, China
  • Received:2019-05-23 Revised:2020-01-19 Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-07-25

摘要: 为了突破2维或3维Hilbert空间限制,本文结合投票表决的实际需求,基于Shamir(t,n)门限思想,提出了一个d维三粒子纠缠态的量子投票表决方案.该方案由投票管理中心、投票群组、监票人和计票人四个实体共同完成投票工作.该方案使用d维量子纠缠态增强了适用性,使用单粒子作为投票载体提升了传输效率.该方案的正确性通过在IBM量子云平台上的模拟仿真得以证实.安全性分析表明,该方案在满足投票方案的安全性需求基础上,能抵抗截获-测量-重发、纠缠测量和伪造攻击.性能分析表明,随着参与人数的增多,该方案比其他相似的投票方案具有更高的量子比特效率.

关键词: 量子投票, d维三粒子纠缠态, (t, n)门限, 量子云平台

Abstract: To break through the limitations of two-dimensional or three-dimensional Hilbert space,a quantum voting scheme based on d-dimensional three-particle entangled state was proposed,which was designed by using Shamir (t,n) threshold to meet the actual demand for voting.The scheme consists of four entities:the voting management center,the voting group,the scrutineer and the ballot counter,which work together to complete the voting.In this scheme,a d-dimensional quantum entanglement state is used to enhance the applicability,and the single particle is used as the voting carrier to improve the transmission efficiency.The correctness of the proposed scheme was verified by the experimental simulations on the IBM quantum cloud platform.Security analysis shows that the scheme meets the security requirements of voting schemes,and resists intercept-measure-resend attack,entangle-measure attack,and forgery attack.Performance analysis shows that with the increase of the number of participants,the scheme has higher qubit efficiency than other similar schemes.

Key words: quantum voting, d-dimensional three-particle entangled state, (t,n) threshold, quantum cloud platform

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